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August 09, 2005

Entrepreneur’s View of Serial Monogamy

Serial monogamy needs to be mutual.

Super VC Brad Feld has been running an excellent series of posts on term sheets between VCs and startups. Usually I agree with Brad even though that all my experience comes from the opposite side of the negotiating table.  But I disagree with part of what he blogged about the “no shop” clause here today.

The standard no shop clause as Brad accurately quotes it provides that the company can’t look for other investors for a period of thirty to forty-five days.  Brad calls this “serial monogamy” while the final deal is being negotiated and says that this is bidirectional because the VC is agreeing to act expeditiously and try to get the deal done within the window. 

This is actually unilateral monogamy since the VC is still free to look at providing financing to competitors of the company during this time.  The company is usually extremely vulnerable in this period – perhaps running short on cash.  If the VC doesn’t act expeditiously, the company will probably just grant an extension rather than start over with new VCs.  And the company is providing information about its plans and business to the VCs which even the most ethical VCs won’t be able to erase from their memories if they end up investing in a competitor.

My advice to entrepreneurs on this clause is to say politely and firmly “what is sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander.” The no shop should prohibit the VC from entering into financing discussions with competitors broadly defined of the company during the exact same period when the company can’t talk to other investors.  If your VC won’t agree to this, don’t hesitate to ask what discussions they are engaged in

In general it is good negotiating advice to make sure that every clause which can be mutual is mutual.  Often this technique helps in reaching agreement.  For example, with a truly mutual no shop neither party will want it to be very long and both have a strong incentive to complete negotiation quickly.

Full disclosure: I think I signed a term sheet with unilateral no shop myself and I was NOT burned.  This is not the most important term in the price sheet but it is worth pushing back on.

I posted ten lessons I learned about working with VCs here and here.

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Listed below are links to weblogs that reference Entrepreneur’s View of Serial Monogamy:

» Unilateral or Serial Monogamy from Feld Thoughts
Earlier this week I did a brief post on the “no shop agreement” that is a common feature in a term sheet.  I compared signing a no shop to the construct of serial monogamy in a relationship.  I had a couple of comments (one that w... [Read More]

» Philandering Entrepreneurs or Sour Grapes from Feld Thoughts
In the “best entrepreneur gossip blog post” of the day category, Alan Meckler and the guys from LightReading.com give a public example of the issues in the intellectual exchange that Tom Evslin and I had around Serial Monogamy and No Shop A... [Read More]

» Philandering Entrepreneurs or Sour Grapes from Feld Thoughts
In the “best entrepreneur gossip blog post” of the day category, Alan Meckler and the guys from LightReading.com give a public example of the issues in the intellectual exchange that Tom Evslin and I had around Serial Monogamy and No Shop A... [Read More]

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